Area: Zambia covers 752,614 sq km of land, slightly larger than the state of Texas.
Capital City: Lusaka Population: Almost 12 million people live in Zambia.
Language: English (official); major vernaculars include Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages.
Religion: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%.
Climate: Zambia has a tropical climate which is modified by altitude. There’s one rainy season which lasts from October to April. It’s hottest from September – November.
When to Go to Zambia: The best time to view the magnificent Victoria Falls is from March to May (when the falls are at their fullest) and July – October is best for viewing wildlife. Twitchers should head to Zambia from November – March.
Currency: Zambian Kwacha, All payments in Zambia must be made in Kwacha unless prepaid
Getting to Zambia: Most international visitors will fly into Lusaka on British Air, Air France, South African Airways, Kenyan Airways and Ethiopian Airways. Livingstone Airport is served by charter flights and a few scheduled flights (mostly from South Africa and Botswana).
Clothing: Zambia has mild winters and the summer days can get quite hot. Lightweight casual clothes can be worn all year round, with a jacket or jersey for early winter mornings and evenings. On safari keep clothes to a minimum and mostly of neutral colouring – khakis, browns and greens. A sunhat, sunglasses, sunscreen and insect repellant are a must.
Accessories: sun block, sunglasses, hat, insect repellent, binoculars and a camera are a must, track suit – good for sleeping in during winter months, light, compact raincoat is a good idea for the summer, swimsuit and snorkelling and diving gear, towel, torch and sleeping bag for camping safaris.
Currency: It’s best to come into the country with either travellers cheques or hard currency which can be exchanged at any of the many Bureaux de Change in the main Towns. If you are offered an exchange on the black market at the borders, excercise extreme caution as they are notorious for cheating you without you even realising it. Travellers cheques attract a commission when changing to other currencies. The Zambian currency is the Kwacha and it fluctuates quite regularly. In 2013/ 2014 – 1 US$ buys you 5,3 Kwacha